Death of a U.S. Citizen

When an American dies abroad, a consular officer notifies the American’s family and informs them about their options and costs for disposition of the remains. If the next-of-kin or his/her representative is not in Malawi, we will make the arrangements upon receipt of instructions and funds. We also prepare an official report of the death that can be used to settle the estate. For further questions, contact the Consular Section at +265 (1) 773-166 ext 3251 or email at

When an American dies abroad, the Bureau of Consular Affairs must locate and inform the next-of-kin. Sometimes discovering the next-of-kin is difficult. If the American’s name is known, the Bureau’s Office of Passport Services will search for his or her passport application. However, the information there may not be current.

We provide guidance to grieving family members on how to make arrangements for local burial or return of the remains to the U.S. The disposition of remains is affected by local laws, customs, and facilities, which are often vastly different from those in the U.S.

The Bureau of Consular Affairs relays the family’s instructions and necessary private funds to cover the costs involved to the embassy or consulate. The Department of State has no funds to assist in the return of remains or ashes of American citizens who die abroad. Upon completion of all formalities, the consular officer abroad prepares an official Foreign Service Report of Death, based upon the local death certificate, and sends it to the next-of-kin or legal representative for use in U.S. courts to settle estate matters.

A U.S. consular officer overseas has statutory responsibility for the personal estate of an American who dies abroad if the deceased has no legal representative in the country where the death occurred. The consular officer takes possession of personal effects, such as convertible assets, apparel, jewelry, personal documents and papers. The officer prepares an inventory and then carries out instructions from members of the deceased’s family concerning the effects. A final statement of the account is then sent to the next-of-kin. The Diplomatic Pouch cannot be used to ship personal items, including valuables, but legal documents and correspondence relating to the estate can be transmitted by pouch. In Washington, the Bureau of Consular Affairs gives next-of-kin guidance on procedures to follow in preparing Letters Testamentary, Letters of Administration, and Affidavits of Next-of-Kin as acceptable evidence of legal claim of an estate.

Disposition of Remains Report March 2017 Malawi (PDF 260KB)

Under Malawi law, there are no timelines regarding disposition of remains and there is no time limit before the remains can be prepared for burial or shipment. Generally, an autopsy is available upon request if the death does not occur in a hospital.  Please reference the “Disposition of Remains” PDF for any questions that are not answered below or for contact information.

A death report from the local district hospital is required for burial in Malawi or transport of the remains.  A death certificate must be obtained by the National Registration Bureau (NRB).   A local funeral agent should be contacted as soon as possible and given the death certificate. The agent can provide guidance and can prepare the necessary documents. The Consular Section will also prepare an official report of the death that can be used to settle the estate.

The consular “Report of Death of an American Citizen Abroad” is a report that provides the essential facts concerning the death of a U.S. citizen, disposition of remains, and custody of the personal effects of a deceased citizen. This form is generally used in legal proceedings in the United States in lieu of the foreign death certificate. The Report of Death is based on the foreign death certificate, and cannot be completed until the foreign death certificate has been issued. This can sometimes take from four to six weeks or longer after the date of the death, depending on how long it takes local authorities to complete the local form. U.S. Embassies and Consulates work with local authorities to see that this time is as short as possible.

The U.S. consular officer will send the family up to 20 certified copies of the Report of Death at the time the initial report is issued. These are provided at no fee.  If additional copies are needed, each copy requires a $50 fee.  More information about obtaining extra copies can be found at the State Department’s Request a Copy of a Consular Report of Death Abroad (CRDA) website.

In order to obtain the required documents and assist with burial and transport, the funeral agent must have the death and identity information of the deceased.

Under ideal circumstances burial locally can take place within 24 hours, however, it generally takes 4 to 7 days to arrange shipment outside of Malawi.

Malawi law does not regulate a maximum period before burial. The Malawian norm is to bury the body the same day if possible. Cold storage facilities are provided at all 24 Government secondary level care (District) hospitals and the four central hospitals:  Lilongwe Central Hospital in Lilongwe, Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital in Blantyre, Mzuzu Central Hospital in Mzuzu, and Zomba Central Hospital in Zomba.  The storage capacity for all the Central Hospitals is 50 bodies, while the cold rooms at the District Hospital mortuaries usually accommodate about 20 bodies. The maximum amount of time the hospitals can store a body is 30 days. After one month, bodies still unidentified in the mortuaries are referred to the District or City Assemblies for disposal in mass graves in Government cemeteries. This is done in conjunction with the Malawi Police.

Malawi law does not regulate embalming.  In most cases bodies are not embalmed.  There are two formally trained embalmers/pathologists in Malawi, Dr. Charles Dzamalala and Dr. Steve Kamiza.  They are both located in Blantyre, but will travel and assist death cases.  Please refer to the “Disposition of Remains” PDF for further information and for their contact information.

The Hindu Cremation Services handle cremation in Malawi.  They are located in Lilongwe and in Blantyre.  They require a death report (certified copies will do), a consent letter for cremation that is verified by the family, and a fee (see costs in Section 6).   Ashes are ready for collection after 72 hours.  Crematorium staff may also be able to assist with the logistics of shipping the remains for an additional fee.  Location and contact information for the  Hindu Cremation Services can be found on the “Disposition of Remains” PDF.

When remains are to be transported out of the country, the body is first embalmed or otherwise appropriately prepared or cremated for shipment.  It is then placed in a galvanized tin coffin or casket (or urn in the case of cremation) for shipment. This is then placed within a wooden coffin, which is finally placed in a suitable packing case that can support the weight of the complete container and body.  Caskets and urns that meet the requirements for shipping out of the country are available locally.

To export human remains, the following documents are required by the Ministry of Health and Population to issue a Transmittal Permit for the Remains:

  1. Death certificate issued by the National Registrations Bureau (NRB).
  2. Death report signed by a registered medical doctor on form B of the Births and Registration Act.
  3. Medical report from the Ministry of Health and Population stating the cause of death, the body is free of infectious disease, and that the body can be transported outside the country.
  4. Embalming certificate to include statement of method used.
  5. Malawi Customs form 35-Declaration form for minor exports.
  6. Declaration Certificate stating that the contents of coffin/casket are only human remains of deceased person.
  7. Postmortem report if death was due to unnatural causes.
  8. Transport/shipment permit from the Malawi Police Service – Interpol section
  9. Consular Mortuary Certificate (issued by the U.S. Embassy)

The following are also required to export an embalmed body

  1. Metal lined leak proof coffin or casket
  2. Physical address and phone number of person/agent sending the remains
  3. Coffin with metal lining inside.
  4. Casket to be enclosed in wooden crate for ease of handling with forklift and in a manner that it is not identified as such during transportation/shipment, also referred to as Police Clearance Certificate

The following are required to export human ashes

  1. Death certificate from National Registrations Bureau (NRB).
  2. Death report signed by a registered medical doctor on form B of the Births and Registration Act.
  3. Certificate of Cremation
  4. Remains are packed in tin lined wooden packing box (the Urn) that is hermitically sealed.
  5. Malawi Customs form 35- Declaration form for minor exports
  6. Police clearance certificate.
  7. Declaration certificate as with human remains

The pathologists listed in Part IV can facilitate the navigation of mortuary services.  Prices are not regulated, but you can expect to pay approximately $8,000 for an autopsy, embalming, paperwork, transport, and aircraft charges.  Additional charges may apply if the death occurs outside of Lilongwe, due to extra storage and transportation fees to bring the body to Lilongwe.

Charges for cremation can vary between MK 200,000 – MK 550,000 ($250 – $735)

Preparation of Remains and Shipment to the U.S.

Prices for post-mortem services are not regulated or consistent.  Approximate figures are below and based on recent costs of mortuary services.  It is most likely that you will be asked to pay a lump sum for a suite of services that will include everything needed to transport the body to the United States.

Service Malawian Kwacha (MK) US Dollar
Pathologist Fee MK 350,000 $470
Mortuary Assistants’ Fee MK 100,000 $130
Laboratory Analyses MK 80,000 $110
Documentation MK 100,000 $130
Exhumation (if necessary) MK 100,000 $130
Embalming** MK 150,000 $200
Storage* MK 120,000 $160
Crate, casket, and casket related costs MK 920,000 $1,220
Professional fees (including consignment handling, communications and logistics coordination) MK 650,000 $870
Freight charges*** (see freight explanations on next page) MK 2,000,000-2,5000,000 $2,700 – $3,400
Transport* MK 560,000 $750
Accommodation* MK 315,000 $420
Clothing for dressing the body MK 125,000 $170
TOTAL Approximately MK 6,000,000 Approximately $8,000


All prices are subject to change.

Fees marked with a single asterisk* may vary greatly depending on the location of the death.  This will affect transport time and distance, storage time, and any necessary accommodations.

Embalming fees marked with a double asterisk** represent standard fees.  If the body was exhumed, there may be additional fees for the embalming process.

Freight charges marked with a triple asterisk*** are explained in greater detail on the following tab.

MANICA Limited

Head Office

Makata Road

P.O. Box 460

Blantyre, Malawi

Tel: +265 (0) 1-876-566

Fax: +265 (0) 1-871-297

Bollore Transport and Logistics

Bollore Africa Logistics

Tour Bollore, 31-34 quai de Dion Bouton

92811 Puteaux Cedex – France

Tel: +33 (0)1-46-96-44-33

GLENS FLA Malawi Limited

Makata Road

P.O. Box 629

Blantyre, Malawi

Tel: +265 (0) 1-871-888

Fax: +265 (0) 1-877-076

SDV Malawi LTD

Maunde Rd


Tel: +265 (0)1824515

Fax: +265 (0)182107

***Prices to transport a body to various U.S. cities are not published.  On average, freight charges to the U.S. are around MK 2,000,000 ($2700).  Transport to the east coast is significantly less than transport to the west coast because flying beyond the east coast requires additional airline transfers.  The price difference, although not published, is approximately MK500,000 ($6,700).


From Malawi to: Average Approximate Cost (MK) Average Approximate Cost ($USD)
East Coast MK 2,000,000 $2,700
West Cast MK 2,500,000 $3,400


Autopsies are performed only by the pathology section of government hospitals (e.g. Kamuzu Central and Queen Elizabeth Central) and Malawi College of Medicine.  Hospital records and death notice from village chief (if death occurs in rural area) are required documents.

 Autopsies are typically required when a foreign natural dies of unnatural causes.  A waiver may be available.

Malawian funerals traditionally occur no more than three days after the death.  In rare circumstances the burial might be up to one week later (e.g. if close family is out of the country).  People traditionally go to see the body and pay their respects before he/she is buried.  Bodies are buried either in the city’s cemetery or in the local village.  Before death, the deceased might have requested to be buried near family or to be brought back to his/her home village.  If such a request was made, the family typically obliges.  Mourners visit the body and contribute food or cash to neighbors.  The neighbors traditionally prepare fresh meals at the site where people gather to pay their respects (i.e. they do not cook ahead of time and bring the prepared food).

In order for the American Embassy or Consulate to issue an official death certificate or assist in the export of the remains to the U.S., the next of kin must provide the following death questionnaire (PDF 13 KB). This questionnaire must be returned to the American Citizen Services section of the appropriate U.S. Embassy or Consulate. Mailing address and fax numbers are available on the “Contact Information” webpage.